Helmeted Guinea Fowl

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Helmeted Guinea Fowl


Most of Africa, except desert and heavy forest regions. A small population of Helmeted Guinea fowl can be found in Morocco.


Scrubland, savanna


These birds have a wattle on each side of their beak and a horny "helmet" on top of their brightly colored head. They have a bead-like design on their feathers which consists of tiny white dots on a dark background.

Helmeted Guinea Fowl

These noisy birds usually live in large groups. In the wild there have been as many as 2,000 guinea fowl roosting together in a tree. They are capable of flight, but prefer to spend most of their time on the ground. In some places, like forests, they will roost in trees at night.


The large flocks break up into smaller groups during breeding season. Females incubate 12-15 eggs for 24-30 days.

Interesting Facts:

Usually seen in large flocks, but walk through the bush in single file and imitate whatever the leader does. Helmeted guinea fowl are the original birds from which domestic guinea fowl were bred.

About Our Animals:

The Zoo has a pair of guinea fowl that roam the Zoo grounds. Keep an eye and an ear out for them the next time you're here!

Helmeted Guinea Fowl
Did YOU Know?    
These medium-sized birds are great runners. They can cover up to 20 miles in a day.
Helmeted Guinea Fowl
Class: birds
Order: Galliformes
Family: Phasianidae
Genus: Numida
Species: meleagris mitrata
Length: 20 in.
Height: 18 in.
Weight: 3 lbs.
Average Lifespan: 6
Wild Diet: Insects, seeds, berries, greens
Predators: Hawks, Owls, humans, and other carnivores
USFWS Status: Not Listed
CITES Status: Not Listed
Where at the Zoo? West end of the Zoo

Learn more about birds or animals from Africa!
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