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Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake


Southeastern United States, west to Louisiana.


Abandoned farmland, longleaf pine and turkey oak covered areas; also palmetto flatwoods


Heavy, gray body, numerous diamonds on back, black and white-banded tail. Fangs are 3/4 of an inch. Its venom is prey specific - kills its habitual prey (cotton rabbits) rapidly while larger quantities of its venom are required for killing a rat even smaller than the rabbit.

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Click to View Bigger Picture

Rather sluggish, but stands its ground, sometimes ferociously. Potent venom.


Seven to 21 young, 12 to 14 inches long, born late summer or early fall.

Interesting Facts:

These snakes are thought to be the longest/largest species of rattlesnakes. They will inhabit a gopher tortoise burrow along with the resident tortoise and a variety of other animals. Snake hunters habits of \\\\\\\'gassing\\\\\\\' tortoise burrows to collect Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes has impacted both species of reptiles negatively.

Be Rattlesnake Aware! Download this .pdf: Rattlesnake Awareness Brochure

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Click to View Bigger Picture

Eastern diamondbacks are rapidly disappearing due to suburban housing and agriculture, especially "rattlesnake roundups".

Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Class: reptile
Genus: Crotolus
Species: adamanteus
Length: Maximum is over 8 feet, but average is 4 feet
Wild Diet: Mostly small rodents and birds
Zoo Diet: Frozen/thawed rabbits
USFWS Status: Not Listed
CITES Status: Not Listed
Where at the Zoo? Small Animal Building: Temperate Zone

Learn more about reptile or animals from North America!
Or, cross-reference the two!

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