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Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake

Range:

Southeastern United States, west to Louisiana.


Habitat:

Abandoned farmland, longleaf pine and turkey oak covered areas; also palmetto flatwoods


Characteristics:

Heavy, gray body, numerous diamonds on back, black and white-banded tail. Fangs are 3/4 of an inch. Its venom is prey specific - kills its habitual prey (cotton rabbits) rapidly while larger quantities of its venom are required for killing a rat even smaller than the rabbit.


Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Click to View Bigger Picture

Behavior:

Rather sluggish, but stands its ground, sometimes ferociously. Potent venom.


Reproduction:

Seven to 21 young, 12 to 14 inches long, born late summer or early fall.


Interesting Facts:

These snakes are thought to be the longest/largest species of rattlesnakes. They will inhabit a gopher tortoise burrow along with the resident tortoise and a variety of other animals. Snake hunters habits of \\\\\\\'gassing\\\\\\\' tortoise burrows to collect Eastern diamondback rattlesnakes has impacted both species of reptiles negatively.

Be Rattlesnake Aware! Download this .pdf: Rattlesnake Awareness Brochure


Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake Click to View Bigger Picture

Conservation:

Eastern diamondbacks are rapidly disappearing due to suburban housing and agriculture, especially "rattlesnake roundups".


Eastern Diamondback Rattlesnake
Range
Class: reptile
Genus: Crotolus
Species: adamanteus
Length: Maximum is over 8 feet, but average is 4 feet
Length: Maximum is over 8 feet, but average is 4 feet
Wild Diet: Mostly small rodents and birds
Zoo Diet: Frozen/thawed rabbits
USFWS Status: Not Listed
CITES Status: Not Listed
Where at the Zoo? Small Animal Building: Temperate Zone


Learn more about reptile or animals from North America!
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