Eastern Indigo Snake

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Eastern Indigo Snake


Gulf states and Texas, south to Brazil


Warm, humid areas — often near water.


The indigo is a large snake with smooth, glossy scales which are often iridescent. The species varies greatly in different parts of its range. In the Gulf states it is black or blue-black. In Texas, the anterior portion of the body may be brown with black on the rear portion.


The indigo is a fairly docile snake.  In the wild it often inhabits gopher burrows, hence the common names gopher snake or blue gopher snake. Its prey is not constricted but is overpowered. The indigo bites to secure a grip, using the weight of its coils to overpower its prey before it begins to swallow it.


The indigo is oviparous, usually laying its eggs in an underground burrow.

Did YOU Know?    
This is the largest non-venemous snake in North America.
Eastern Indigo Snake
Class: reptiles
Genus: Drymarchon
Species: corais couperi
Length: Grows up to 10 ft. in length, the average being 5 - 6 ft.
Average Lifespan: 25 years
Wild Diet: This snake eats almost anything of suitable size but feeds mainly on rodents, also birds, frogs, lizards, other snakes, and fish.
Predators: Man. It is often taken for the pet trade due to its docile nature. It is also threatened by habitat destruction.
USFWS Status: Endangered
CITES Status: Not Listed
Where at the Zoo? Off Exhibit: Education Animal Facility

Learn more about reptiles or animals from North America!
Or, cross-reference the two!





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