Mojave Rattlesnake

Mojave Rattlesnake


Southern Nevada to Puebla, near south edge of Mexican plateau; western edge of Mojave Desert, California, to extreme western Texas.


Chiefly a snake of high desert and lower mountain slopes. Habitats vary from barren desert to grassland and bushland. It seems to be common in areas of scattered scrubby growth such as creosote bush and mesquite.


Well-defined light-edged diamonds or hexagons line the middle of the back. The light scales of the pattern usually unmarked and light-colored. Ground color is a greenish grey, olive-green, or occasionally brownish or yellowish. A white to yellowish stripe from behind the eye to behind the corner of the mouth. Tail with contrasting light and dark rings.


Despite its similarity to the Western diamondback, its venom is much more virulent, a fact that makes the Mojave rattlesnake one of the most dangerous poisonous snakes in the United States.


These are live-bearing snakes, usually giving birth to 2-11 young. The young are 9-11 inches in length at birth.

Interesting Facts:

Two different populations or types of these snakes are known, based on the neurotoxic component of their venom. Neurotoxic venom effects the central nervouse system (CNS) causing respiratory distress in victims. Be Rattlesnake Aware! Download this .pdf: Rattlesnake Awareness Brochure.pdf

About Our Animals:

This animal species is not currently in the Zoo\\\'s collection.

Mojave Rattlesnake
Class: reptiles
Genus: Crotalus
Species: scutulatus scutaulatus
Length: Adults reach lengths of 2-4 feet
Average Lifespan: 12.5
Wild Diet: Kangaroo rats and other rodents
USFWS Status: Not Listed
CITES Status: Not Listed

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