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Poison Dart Frog

Habitat:

Rain forests of South America

Characteristics:

There are 10 species of poison dart frogs. They are also known as poison arrow frogs or poison frogs. They come in a wide variety of bright colors and patterns and are often called "jewels of the rain forest."

Poison Dart Frog Click to View Bigger Picture
Behavior:

These frogs protect themselves against predators by secreting a poisonous substance which keeps their skin moist. Some species of poison dart frogs’ poison is considered the most dangerous in the entire animal kingdom; a tiny amount being enough to kill a man!

These frog are active during the day.  Their bright colors serve to alert possible predators as to their deadly toxins.

They have a distinctive chirp or call which they use to attract a mate.

Reproduction:

These frogs lay up to 40 eggs on the ground or on a leaf.  When they hatch both parents care for the tadpoles and carry them on their back to water.

Interesting Facts:

Native Indians smear the tips of their arrows with poison from these frogs for hunting.    One frog can secrete enough poison to cover 40-50 darts.  The toxin from the poison causes paralysis when it enters an animals bloodstream.  The frogs do not need to be killed in order to harvest the poison.  The indians rub their darts on the back of the frog and the poison is secreted onto the dart.

About Our Animals:

We have two species of  dendrobates frogs, the  Auratus & Tictorius species.  The Dendrobates auratus are the green and black poison dart frogs and the Dendrobates tinctorius are the blue and yellow poison dart frogs.

Poison Dart Frog Click to View Bigger Picture
Poison Dart Frog
Range
Class: amphibian
Order: Anura
Family: Dendrobatidae
Genus: Dentrobates
Species: Auratus & Tinctorius
Length: 1.5 - 2 inches
Average Lifespan: 4 to 6 years
Wild Diet: ants, spiders, insects
Zoo Diet: small crickets
Where at the Zoo? Small Animal Building: Tropics Zone


Learn more about amphibian or animals from South America!
Or, cross-reference the two!

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