Utah through Pennsylvania to Southern Mexico.
Adults found mostly in woodlands. The young need grasslands for proteins found there. Individual territories of four to eight acres are established.
The main feathers of this bird are an iridescent bronze color with black tips. It has white primary and secondary flight feathers. The head and neck are naked. Heavy wattles under the chin extend down the front of the neck. The male has spurs.
The turkey is a pompous, strutting bird and very vocal, having many different calls which can be successfully reproduced by the interested hunter.
The male turkey is polygamous, maintaining as large a harem as he can control. Bachelor flocks break during the latter part of January and February. The hen usually selects a nesting spot near the base of a large tree or close to a tangle of vegetation. Eggs are laid by mid-April, averaging 8-15 eggs per clutch. Incubation requires 28 days. Poults are precocious and ready to leave the nest in a couple of hours. The male is sexually mature at one year, but is seldom given the opportunity to breed that early because of dominance of older males.
|Did YOU Know?|
|The record-sized adult male wild turkey, according to the National Wildlife Turkey Federation was 38 lb (17.2 kg).|
|Species:||phasianidae meleagris gallipavo|
|Length:||50 inches; wingspan: 50-56 inches|
|Weight:||Male: 14-17 pounds; female: 8-10 pounds|
|Average Lifespan:||10-15 years|
|Wild Diet:||The young turkey feeds almost exclusively on insects. The adult diet is about 84% vegetable matter and 16% animal matter, including beetles, grasshoppers, bees, flies, spiders, crayfish, snails, acorns, wild grapes, berries, grass, wheat, oats, corn, clover, and ferns.|
|USFWS Status:||Not Listed|
|CITES Status:||Not Listed|
|Where at the Zoo?||Free Roaming|